Kea  2.1.2-git
Kea Configuration Backends

Introduction

Kea started as a sub-project in BIND10 that used a program (called bindctl) to deliver configuration information to its modules. This potentially allowed for modules to get their configuration information in a variety of ways using what were known as configuration backends. After BIND10 was cancelled, the Kea project briefly tried to maintain backward compatibility with the BIND10 framework, but the effort was discontinued due to lack of interest.

Currently the Kea team does not plan to develop any additional configuration backends. Instead, effort is being focused on enhancing the current control channel (see Control Channel) to be as flexible as possible. If you are thinking about developing new ways to configure Kea, the recommendation is to write an external piece of software that will communicate with Kea using this channel.

Alternate Configuration Backends

While this section currently has no practical value, it may become useful one day to develop a minimalistic, stripped down Kea version that does not have any command interface at all. This could prove useful for running Kea in embedded regime.

The following steps are needed for the DHCPv4 server to be able to process a new method of configuration. (It is assumed that the modified component is DHCPv4. Similar approach applies to the other components: DHCPv6 or DHCP-DDNS):

  1. Write your own implementation of isc::dhcp::ControlledDhcpv4Srv::init(), isc::dhcp::ControlledDhcpv4Srv::init() and isc::dhcp::ControlledDhcpv4Srv::cleanup(), and put it in the src/bin/dhcp4 directory (e.g. as foo_controller.cc).
  2. Modify src/bin/dhcp4/Makefile.am to include your file (e.g. foo_controller.cc) in the build.
  3. Modify the AC_ARG_WITH(kea-config,...) macro in configure.ac to include an entry for your configuration backend.
  4. Add your own AM_CONDITIONAL(CONFIG_BACKEND_FOO, ...) and AC_DEFINE(CONFIG_BACKEND_FOO, ...) macros to configure.ac (following the above-mentioned AC_ARG_WITH macro) to set the C++ macro for your backend.
  5. Modify the sanity check in configure.ac to allow your configuration backend name.

Optionally you can also:

  1. Implement unit tests for your backend in the src/bin/dhcp4/tests directory.
  2. Modify src/bin/dhcp4/tests/Makefile.am to include the file(s) containing the unit tests.

The JSON Configuration Backend

The following are some details of the JSON backend framework.

  1. Each backend uses the common code for configuration and command processing callbacks. They all assume that JSON formatted parameters are sent and they are expected to return well formatted JSON responses. The exact format of configuration and commands is module-specific.

  2. A command handler handles the reading the configuration from a file. Its main responsibility is to load the configuration and process it. The JSON backend must call that handler when starting up the server. This is implemented in configure() in the kea_controller.cc files in src/bin/dhcp4 and src/bin/dhcp6 directories.

  3. The current JSON parser in isc::data::Element::fromJSON() has been extended to allow optional preprocessing. For now, that capability simply removes whole-line comments starting with the hash character, but it is expected to grow over time (in-line comments and file inclusions are the obvious envisaged additions). This is implemented in isc::data::Element::fromJSONFile.

  4. The current format of the BIND10 configuration file (BIND 10 stored its configuration in (installation directory) /var/bind10/b10-config.db) has been retained as the configuration file format. Its actual naming is now arbitrary and left up to the user (it is passed as a parameter to the -c command line option). From the implementation perspective, this is slight change from the BIND10 days, as back then a subset of the configuration was received by the daemon processes. Nowadays the whole configuration is passed. To take a specific example, the following is how b10-config.db looked many years ago:
    {
    "Init": { ... }
    "Dhcp4": {
    "subnet4" { subnet definitions here },
    "option-data" { option data here },
    "interfaces": [ "eth0" ],
    ...
    },
    "Dhcp6": {
    "subnet6" { subnet definitions here },
    "option-data" { option data here },
    "interfaces": [ "eth0" ],
    ...
    },
    "Logging": {
    "Loggers": [{"name": *, "severity": "DEBUG" }]
    }
    }
    The Kea components used to receive only relevant parts of it (e.g. Kea4 received configuration data that only contained the content of the Dhcp4 element). Now each component receives all of it: the code iterates over the top level elements and picks the appropriate tree (or get the element by name). That approach makes the common configuration (such as the logging initialization code) very easy to share among Kea4, Kea6 and DHCP-DDNS.

  5. The .spec files used in BIND 10 by the control program to validate commands have been removed in 1.4.

  6. A shell script has been added (as src/bin/keactrl/keactrl) to start, stop and reconfigure the daemons. Its only job is to pass the configuration file to each daemon and remember its PID file, so that sending signals is possible (for configuration reload or shutdown). It is also able to print out a status.

  7. The capability to share the same configuration file between servers and agents, and the Logging toplevel entry, were removed in 1.7.10.