Kea  2.1.2-git
Benchmarks: Measuring performance

benchmarksOverview

Kea 1.4 added support for benchmarks. We are using Google Benchmark framework. See their webpage for overview and details.

To compile benchmarks, configure Kea with appropriate flag:

$ ./configure --with-benchmark
$ make

The benchmarks are built in src/lib/dhcpsrv/benchmarks directory. Note that the benchmarks are backend-specific, so please make sure you enable the backends you want to measure (See –with-mysql, –with-pgsql, –with-cql parameters for configure). Once the benchmark is built, you can run specific benchmarks. Make sure you have the environment ready for use, i.e. the actual database backend is set up, the DB or keyspace is created. The setup is the same as for running unit-tests. DB name or keyspace should be keatest, and username keatest, password keatest should give you full write access to the database. Any data present in the DB before the tests will be removed.

To get a list of available benchmarks, use the following command:

$ cd src/lib/dhcpsrv/benchmarks
$ ./run-benchmarks --benchmark_list_tests

The list is dependant on the configuration flags and availability of various backends. For example, to run specific benchmark you may specify its name. Wildcards are supported:

# This will run one specific benchmark
$ ./run-benchmarks --benchmark_filter=MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/insertLeases4/512
# This will run all benchmarks related to Cassandra:
$ ./run-benchmarks --benchmark_filter=CqlHostDataSourceBenchmark

It takes a long time to run some benchmarks, so please make sure you run only those you are interested in. For example, this is the output of all memfile benchmarks:

$ ./run-benchmarks --benchmark_filter=MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark
Run on (8 X 3800 MHz CPU s)
2018-01-23 21:00:19
*WARNING*** CPU scaling is enabled, the benchmark real time measurements may be noisy and will incur extra overhead.
*WARNING*** Library was built as DEBUG. Timings may be affected.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Benchmark Time CPU Iterations
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/insertLeases4/512 10716 us 10716 us 48
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/insertLeases4/4096 90593 us 90590 us 8
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/insertLeases4/32768 758551 us 758524 us 1
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/insertLeases4/65533 1553195 us 1553136 us 1
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/updateLeases4/512 8379 us 8379 us 84
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/updateLeases4/4096 67506 us 67504 us 10
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/updateLeases4/32768 546041 us 546024 us 1
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/updateLeases4/65533 1098839 us 1098799 us 1
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_address/512 2772 us 2772 us 253
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_address/4096 23407 us 23406 us 30
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_address/32768 179624 us 179619 us 4
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_address/65533 393543 us 393531 us 2
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_hwaddr/512 3899 us 3898 us 181
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_hwaddr/4096 51317 us 51316 us 12
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_hwaddr/32768 3269266 us 3269150 us 1
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_hwaddr/65533 13225744 us 13225237 us 1
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_hwaddr_subnetid/512 3501 us 3501 us 201
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_hwaddr_subnetid/4096 30573 us 30571 us 23
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_hwaddr_subnetid/32768 245307 us 245295 us 3
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_hwaddr_subnetid/65533 521296 us 521274 us 1
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_clientid/512 3999 us 3999 us 175
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_clientid/4096 75467 us 75464 us 9
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_clientid/32768 6375617 us 6375402 us 1
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_clientid/65533 26109513 us 26108636 us 1
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_clientid_subnetid/512 3532 us 3532 us 198
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_clientid_subnetid/4096 30279 us 30277 us 24
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_clientid_subnetid/32768 244085 us 244072 us 3
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease4_clientid_subnetid/65533 509971 us 509948 us 1
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getExpiredLeases4/512 837 us 837 us 841
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getExpiredLeases4/4096 72253 us 72251 us 8
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getExpiredLeases4/32768 5837125 us 5836712 us 1
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getExpiredLeases4/65533 42295069 us 42292723 us 1
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/insertLeases6/512 5638 us 5638 us 121
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/insertLeases6/4096 46669 us 46667 us 15
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/insertLeases6/32768 423543 us 423527 us 2
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/insertLeases6/65533 806061 us 806031 us 1
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/updateLeases6/512 2796 us 2796 us 231
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/updateLeases6/4096 22683 us 22681 us 31
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/updateLeases6/32768 190410 us 190403 us 4
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/updateLeases6/65533 382458 us 382441 us 2
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease6_type_address/512 2824 us 2824 us 246
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease6_type_address/4096 23483 us 23482 us 30
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease6_type_address/32768 198815 us 198800 us 4
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease6_type_address/65533 369424 us 369408 us 2
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease6_type_duid_iaid/512 3859 us 3858 us 183
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease6_type_duid_iaid/4096 32180 us 32178 us 23
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease6_type_duid_iaid/32768 252381 us 252372 us 3
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease6_type_duid_iaid/65533 508467 us 508449 us 2
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease6_type_type_duid_iaid_subnetid/512 4085 us 4085 us 170
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease6_type_type_duid_iaid_subnetid/4096 32983 us 32981 us 21
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease6_type_type_duid_iaid_subnetid/32768 257658 us 257648 us 3
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getLease6_type_type_duid_iaid_subnetid/65533 514603 us 514583 us 1
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getExpiredLeases6/512 728 us 728 us 991
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getExpiredLeases6/4096 66537 us 66535 us 11
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getExpiredLeases6/32768 4645828 us 4645641 us 1
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/getExpiredLeases6/65533 23793972 us 23793017 us 1

The results are to be interpreted as follows:

Benchmark Time CPU Iterations
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/insertLeases4/512 10716 us 10716 us 4
  • MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark - This is a benchmark for memfile lease manager
  • insertLeases4 - this benchmark tests performance of repeated lease insertion for many leases
  • 512 - this is the number of leases that were inserted
  • 10716 us - This is the average time it takes to insert 512 leases. us stands for microseconds, so that's a bit over 10 milliseconds.
  • 4 - Benchmark decided to repeat the number of iterations 4 times.

Internal code organization

Benchmarks used isc::dhcp::bench namespace.

Source code for the benchmarks reside in src/lib/dhcpsrv/benchmarks directory, although due to similarity with unit tests, some code from testutils is reused. Similar to unit-tests for lease managers and host data sources, there are generic classes that handle a given manager. See isc::dhcp::bench::GenericHostDataSourceBenchmark and isc::dhcp::bench::GenericLeaseMgrBenchmark. These classes provide a unified implementation for specific benchmarks, like IPv4 lease insertion. There is a number of basic operations that are expected to be implemented in each backend. Please look for methods that start with bench* prefix in the generic classes.

Explaining control flow in benchmarks

Todo:
: We should explain how the benchmarks are actually run, what does the state parameter passed actually represent, why the setup code needs to be reentrant etc.

Adding new benchmarks

The following is a loose description of all the steps necessary for implementing a new benchmark.

  1. Assuming the benchmark could in principle be run on several backends (all benchmarks should, otherwise the major benefit of comparing different backends would disappear), there should be a method in the base class (either isc::dhcp::bench::GenericHostDataSourceBenchmark or isc::dhcp::bench::GenericLeaseMgrBenchmark). See isc::dhcp::bench::GenericLeaseMgrBenchmark::benchUpdateLeases4 as an example.
  2. You need to define a benchmark suing BENCHMARK_DEFINE_F macro. This should be done in the backend specific file. For example:
    // Defines a benchmark that measures IPv4 leases update.
    BENCHMARK_DEFINE_F(MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark, updateLeases4)(benchmark::State& state) {
    const size_t lease_count = state.range(0);
    while (state.KeepRunning()) {
    ReentrantSetUpWithInserts4(state, lease_count);
    benchUpdateLeases4();
    }
    }
  3. You need to define boundary parameters for the benchmark that was defined in step 2. For example:
    BENCHMARK_REGISTER_F(MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark, updateLeases4)
    This macro defines a range. For this particular example, MIN_LEASE_COUNT is 256 and MAX_LEASE_COUNT is 65533. Google benchmark will pick several values in that range (512, 4096, 32768 and 65533). As a result, the following new benchmarks will become available:
    MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/updateLeases4/512
    MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/updateLeases4/4096
    MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/updateLeases4/32768
    MemfileLeaseMgrBenchmark/updateLeases4/65533
    Those can be run from the command line using –benchmark_filter switch.